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Modeling Dynamic Biological Systems - Bruce Hannon
NOTE: The book covers a famous example of insect metapopulations, the populations of the bay checkerspot butterfly, Euphydryas editha, near San Francisco, CA. The populations occur on ridges composed of serpentine soil. This does not mean soil with lots of snakes. Huffaker's studies of spatial structure and species interactions are an example of early experimentation in metapopulation dynamics. Since the experiments of Huffaker and Levins, models have been created which integrate stochastic factors. How the metapopulation simulation works. This simulation considers a metapopulation of a hypothetical species of butterfly that consists of four subpopulations surrounded by a "sea" of unsuitable habitat. Example: California Gnatcatcher (http://www.ramas.com/calgnat.htm) Background.
Levin's metapopulation (classical metapopulation; narrow-sense metapopulation) 2018-12-27 1997-01-01 2021-03-13 2016-11-15 Metapopulation & Metacommunity. March 19 , 2009. Metapopulation and Metacommunity definitions and examples. Metapopulations are a "series of variously connected demes of a single species" pg 59. "Demes" means "groups".
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This need not be the case. Continuing with our example, the metacommunity would be the cities where Jamaicans reside. The urban areas are the habitats that contain the Jamaican metapopulations. Kingston, Negril, London, Liverpool, New York, Chicago, Atlanta, Houston would represent the metacommunities in which we could find our metapopulations of Jamaicans.
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Metapopulation viability will be compromised if climate change increases spatial synchrony in weather conditions associated with population growth rates. We studied a recently reported increase in metapopulation synchrony of the Glanville fritillary butterfly (Melitaea cinxia) in the Finnish archipelago, to see if it could be explained by an increase in synchrony of weather conditions. 2019-04-12 · Application of Metapopulation Theory to Conservation: The population dynamics of fragmented species are typically consistent with the metapopulation theory (Heard et al., 2012). As a set of sub-populations habiting several spatially distinct but connected patches, the predictions of metapopulation theory can be applied to fragmented species. Calculate the Metapopulation Capacity of Landscapes - mstrimas/metacapa. metacapa: metapopulation capacity of landscapes. Metapopulation capacity (Hanski and Ovaskainen 2000) is a relative measure of a spatially explicit landscape's ability to support a metapopulation of a species.
The types of modifications to the metapopulation model make the concept more useful (Ricklefs and Miller 2000). NOTE: The book covers a famous example of insect metapopulations, the populations of the bay checkerspot butterfly, Euphydryas editha, near San Francisco, CA. The populations occur on ridges composed of serpentine soil. This does not mean soil with lots of snakes. Huffaker's studies of spatial structure and species interactions are an example of early experimentation in metapopulation dynamics. Since the experiments of Huffaker and Levins, models have been created which integrate stochastic factors.
Alternative ecological strategies have evolved. For example, some salamanders forgo metamorphosis and sexually mature as aquatic neotenes.
291. Habitat destruction and extinctions predictions from metapopulation models. av RS Series · 2008 — For example, the "kit-fox" was the name of an extinct One of the strongest examples of intraguild pressure among times in structured metapopulation models. av S Höjgård · 2015 · Citerat av 11 — One example is livestock associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus A metapopulation model to assess the capacity of spread of
In BiodivERsA I introduced, for example, the new format of policy briefs, with just 4 ecology, population genetics, and modelling of metapopulation dynamics of
av L Sundqvist · 2016 · Citerat av 1 — A structured population can be referred to as a metapopulation, di- One interesting example would be Fucus vesiculosus, which in Paper IV is shown to have a
Human translations with examples: MyMemory, World's Largest Translation Memory.
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The central concept of metapopulation dynamics -- that a. 20/10, Luigi Acerbi, University of Helsinki: Practical sample-efficient in a metapopulation model: evolutionary branching, evolutionary suicide att bevarandearbetet bör inriktas på att en metapopulation skall kunna hysa minst There are several examples of efforts to establish populations in new areas. with examples from bird and mammalpopulations, and insect communities. Metapopulation viability and the spatial scale of population fluctuations and Den Skandinaviska vargstammen är en del av en metapopulation som founders is one of many examples that initial severe inbreeding and community-based oyster restoration: An example from Chesapeake Bay. J Shellfish Res. 19:467-472. metapopulation. Science 325:1124-1128.